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The caves of Lebanon  >  AL-KASSARAT CAVE

Location: Antelias Quarries, Antelias
Geology: Keserouane Formation
Development: 4648m

Special issues: Permission from the Water Authority of Beirut is needed to enter.

Quarry work opened a hole in the cave wall that led to the discovery of this cave in the Antelias region near Beirut. The cave was found to be over 4000m in development. Quarrying work continued during the Lebanese civil war destroying about 500m of the cave and its natural entrance. In 1996 rediscovery of the cave was undertaken by the SCL and BTD by drilling wells to locate the cave. Today the cave has only one entrance, through a stairway built by the Beirut Water Authority since the damming of the underground river that runs through most of the cave.
PHOTOGRAPHIES

Al KAssarat well number 11_photo by Sami Karkabi
Mgharet al Kassarat cave pearls_photo by Sami Karkabi
Mgharet al Kassarat entrance in 1960_photo by Sami Karkabi
Mgharet al Kassarat_photo by Hughes Badaoui
Salle du President_photo by Issam Bou Jaoude
The underground river of Mgharet al Kassarat_photo by Sami Karkabi
Underground river of Mgharet al Kassarat in 1060's_photo by Sami Karkabi
colouration inside Al Kassarat cave_photo by Sami KArkabi


Caves of Lebanon

THE LONGEST CAVES OF LEBANON
( as of 2008, Speleo Club du Liban archives)
1   JIITA CAVE   {10,050}
2   ROUEISS CAVE   {5,460}
3   AFQA CAVE   {5,260}
4   AL-KASSARAT CAVE   {4,648}
5   AIN AL-LIBNE CAVE   {4,560}
6   NABAA AL-SHATAWIE   {4,130}
7   FAOUAR DARA SINKHOLE   {3,500}
8   QATTINE AZAR SINKHOLE   {3,100}
9   DAHR AL-AIN CAVE   {1,500}
10   NABAA AL-MOUTRAN CAVE   {1,200}

THE DEEPEST CAVES IN LEBANON
( as of 2008, Speleo Club du Liban archives)
1   FAOUAR DARA SINKHOLE   {-622}
2   QATTINE AZAR SINKHOLE   {-515}
3   BALLOUH BAATARA SINKHOLE   {-255}
4   JOURET AL-ABED SINKHOLE   {-255}
5   AL-BADAOUIYE SINKHOLE   {-205}
6   AIN AL-LIBNE SINKHOLE   {-195}
7   OTHMAN REMAIHY SINKHOLE   {-163}
8   AAQROUB SINKHOLE   {-155}
9   BALLOUH BALAA SINKHOLE   {-152}
10   TARCHICH SINKHOLE   {-147}
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